MetroFreight

2.1c Feasibility of Consolidated Freight Deliveries in Cities; and Alternatives for More Efficient Use of the Road and Parking Space in Cities

Project Number

2.1c

Project Summary

Feasibility of Consolidated Freight Deliveries in Cities; and Alternatives for More Efficient Use of the Road and Parking Space in Cities

Project Status

Complete

Year

2014

Topic Area

Integrated Freight and Passenger Systems

P.I. Name & Address

Ph.D. candidate
University Paris-Est, IFSTTAR/SPLOTT
14-20 boulevard Newton, Cite Descartes
77447 Marne la Vallee cedex 2
France
adeline.heitz@ifsttar.fr

Two small scale consolidation schemes implemented in Paris: “Vert chez Vous” and “The Green Link”

These two companies are good examples of alternatives in urban logistics in Paris. Both companies are mainly subcontractors to large parcel transport companies. They have built their marketing model based on sustainable transportation, low emissions and reactivity. They present themselves as ecological alternative in urban logistics, for “last mile” transportation. Those two companies are private initiatives.

The company "Vert chez vous" has a terminal of 12,000 square meters located in Pantin (north of the city of Paris) on which carriers unload their shipments to be delivered in Paris. Goods consolidation is carried out by the client; "Vert chez vous" does not pick up the parcels. Parcels are distributed by way of eleven electric or CNG vehicles and by fifteen commercial bikes (cargo bikes), depending on the nature of the cargo to be delivered. Cargobikes are loaded on a barge operating on the Seine River. The boat minimizes connection paths. Vehicles are unloaded on different depots in order to distribute parcels in Paris. Each bicycle can deliver 18 cubic meters of cargo per day in three to four starts.

The company "The Green Link" offers urban service delivery in Paris by cargo-cycles. The Green Link is responsible for taking charge of last mile deliveries for carriers such as FedEx or TNT. The company has a network of three urban freight terminals located in dense Paris neighborhoods (including one by the river), called "Green Hubs". The goods are unloaded and loaded into electric vehicles and on cargo-bikes. Ann information system provides real-time management.

Both companies are very interesting because they give us two examples of different strategies for freight consolidation in very dense city-center like Paris. “Vert chez vous” centralizes parcels in a unique warehouse in Pantin and then adjusts the flow of delivery using a barge that carries cargo-bikes whose loading takes place during the barge trip (saving time). This multimodal transportation system however is expensive. The Green Link has a very different strategy. This company has three hubs in Paris from which cargo bikes make deliveries of packages to end customers.

The study of these two companies is on-going. It will include the identification of the long haul operations arriving to the warehouses. Our approach is about understanding the location of warehouses in Paris as well as their integration into the urban environment, but we will also provide elements about costs and environmental benefits for these two schemes. Moreover, we will look at how local governments have accompanied these companies.

This is a Metrofreight Paris research fully financed by Metrofreight.

Interviews and visits have taken place with Vert chez Vous and the Green Link as well as some others who have experimented with freight consolidation.  Meetings were held with Chronopost in Paris several times (Paris 15e – Beaugrenelle), Colizen (Paris 18e) and Samada (Paris 12e).  These additional companies were not chosen for a specific study but will be part of the research on this topic to understand the freight environment in Paris and make some comparisons.